Glaucoma(Kala paani) is irreversible damage of the Optic Nerve caused by increased intraocular pressure,a minority may have damage even with normal Intra Ocular Pressure.
Glaucoma may have no warning symptoms. If ignored, it can lead to blindness,Occasionally patients may have
The eye Doctor first checks the patient's central vision using an eye chart.
The fronts of the eyes are examined using a special microscope called a slit lamp.
The pressure inside the eyes is checked using an instrument called a tonometer.
The optic nerves are examined for any damage; this may require dilation of the pupils to ensure an adequate examination of the optic nerves.
The peripheral vision may be checked, typically by using an automated visual field Analyzer(Perimetry) The drainage channels in the eyes may be examined using a painless technique called gonioscopy, which involves the use of a special contact lens that is placed onto the surface of the eye that has been numbed with an eye drop.