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  • Dry Eyes
    Dry Eyes

What is Dry Eyes?

Dry Eye (Ocular Surface Disease) syndrome is caused by a chronic lack of sufficient lubrication and moisture on the surface of the eye.

Its consequences range from subtle but constant irritation to inflammation of the anterior (front) tissues of the eye. Another symptom of dry eyes is a "foreign body sensation," which is a feeling that something is in your eye.

Although it may seem odd, dry eye syndrome can also cause watery eyes. This is because dryness on the eye's surface sometimes will over stimulate production of the watery component of your tears as a protective mechanism.

Dry eyes

Symptoms of Dry Eyes

  • Reading speed reduction
  • Foreign body sensation
  • Scratchy, gritty eyes
  • Aching or sore eyes
  • Burning eyes
  • Watery eyes
  • Sensitivity to light (photophobia)
  • Eyes tire easily, particularly noticeable while reading, watching TV or using a computer
  • Contact lens discomfort or intolerance
  • Excessive mucus discharge
  • Eyes easily irritated by smoke, allergens, fragrances, etc.
  • Fluctuating vision
  • Blurred vision, particularly first thing in the morning, and/or late in the day
  • Eyelids "stick shut" at night
  • Eyelids feel "heavy"
Dry eye syndrome

Dry eye syndrome has many causes

  • It occurs as a part of the natural aging process (especially during menopause in women); as a side effect of many medications, such as antihistamines, antidepressants, certain blood pressure medicines, Parkinson's medications and birth control pills; or because you live in a dry, dusty or windy climate
  • If your home or office has air conditioning or a dry heating system that too can dry out your eyes. Another cause is insufficient blinking, such as when you're staring at a computer screen all day
  • Dry eyes also are a symptom of systemic diseases such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, ocular rosacea or Sjogren's syndrome (a triad of dry eyes, dry mouth and rheumatoid arthritis or lupus)
  • Long-term contact lens wear
  • Dry Eye Syndrome is more prevalent in larger cities; Those living in areas with high levels of air pollution had the highest magnitude of increased risk for dry eye syndrome, at an incidence rate ratio of 1.4
  • Dry Eye Disease is high among office computer users
  • Smartphone and Electronic Games use is linked to Dry Eyes in Schoolchildren
  • A survey found 48 percent of adults regularly experience dry eye symptoms
Treatment for Dry Eye

Treatment for Dry Eyes

  • Lubricants:Usage of eye drops, Gels and local low dose Immunosuppressant’s Wear sunglasses when outdoors to reduce exposure to sun, wind and dust and cold
  • Punctal occlusion: Temporary or permanent silicone plugs can be inserted in the lacrimal (tear) drainage ducts in your eyelids to keep tears on your eye from draining away as quickly. Called lacrimal plugs or punctal plugs, they can be inserted painlessly while you're in the eye doctor's clinic and normally are not felt once inserted.
  • A new type of punctal plug made of acrylic is a small rod that becomes a soft gel when exposed to your body heat after insertion. These plugs are designed to swell and conform to the size of your tear drainage canal
  • Studies have found that supplements containing omega-3 fatty acids can decrease dry eye symptoms
  • If contact lens discomfort is the cause of your dry eyes, your eye care practitioner may switch you to a different lens or have you wear your lenses for fewer hours each day


Chronic dry eye patients must use a protective wraparound eyewear to keep the condition under control. Frequent Lubrication with Eye drops or Gels are mandatory
Use a long-lasting lubricant or try warm compresses before bed or cover your eyes with some kind of protective eyewear such as a soft eye mask or a tranquil eyes goggle that is a uniquely designed moisture goggle that helps to keep the eyes protected and moist at night. You must also reduce exposure to heating or air conditioning and use a humidifier in the bedroom.
You should make Lubricant use a part of your daily routine and use them as frequently as your eyes need.
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